Zambia is a country in northern southern Africa. The country is sparsely populated compared to many neighboring countries. The highest concentrations are in and around Lusaka and along the northern Copper Belt Corridor. In total, 72 tribes live in 9 provinces of Zambia.
Before the colonial era, Zambia was called Northern Rhodesia and consisted of a number of free kingdoms, each of which had economic ties to free states outside its borders. Before, the main exports were copper, ivory and slaves, all of which were traded for jewelry, textiles and salt. During this colonial period, many tribes formed a partnership with common economic interests to bring about change. This has partly helped create a new culture that has more of a national identity than sectarianism. This young Zambian culture is especially observed in urban centers. Many rural people keep their customs, traditional values and religious beliefs.
Zambia became independent in 1964 from colonial rule. After independence, the government began to investigate the problem of national identity and created institutions to protect and promote Zambian culture in order to preserve the country’s heritage. Tribe. Many private museums and craft villages were created to ensure the preservation of the craft. Wood carving, basketry and pottery are popular art forms.
English is the official language, although it is rarely the first language of most inhabitants. The most important tribal groups are Bemba, Nyanja, Lozi and Tonga. Bemba is the most widely spoken native language with about 2 million people who adhere to this dialect. The company here is very relaxed and formal greetings, when you see someone is very common.
Religion and celebrations
The religion in Zambia is very different, with an “official” religion that declares it to be a Christian nation, or at least in accordance with the 1996 constitution. Traditional religious tribal thinking fits in well with Christianity and many syncretic churches help this smooth fusion. Religion is very important to people in general. Easter and Christmas are celebrated, of course. Shimuenga is another traditional festival celebrated for harvest and livestock. The Kuomboka is another famous festival where Lozi paddlers gather on the Zambezi every year to celebrate the end of the rainy season and their floods. The ceremony lasted more than 300 years