Zimbabwe is a melting pot of various groups that reflect their rocky history. Due to its colonial history, the country identifies more with southern Africa than with central Africa. The current population is about 15 million and about 76% of this population lives in rural areas.
The nation’s colonial history and its subsequent independence from this rule created two distinct cultural groups: African and European. Although forms of assimilation can be observed (such as food, government, religious practices), the two groups are still largely isolated. Although the power of the European minority has lost its political power in search of independence in 1980, inequalities still manifest themselves in the disproportionate control of land and resources.
The vast majority of the population consists of Shona groups, which also consist of many subgroups. About 67% of the population belong to this ethnic group. The population of Ndebele represents about 18% of the population and smaller groups of Tonga, Shangaan and Venda are also in the pockets of the country.
The culture and religious traditions are very similar in the Ndebele, Shona and smaller groups of Tonga, Shangaan and Venda. Many believe in supernatural ancestors and have similar marital practices that rarely lead to divorce and sometimes allow polygamous scenarios. A strong belief in witchcraft and the ability to appeal to the power of the ancestors to change the current circumstances is deeply rooted and often goes in the direction of those who also have a Catholic religion.
Many languages are spoken on the borders of Zimbabwe, all of Bantu origin, except English. English has been declared official language, although few speak. Shona and Sindebele, a click language, are the most widely spoken languages. Training in English, Shona and Ndebele in the beginning.
The most consumed cereal is corn. “Mealie Meal,” or maize flour, is the result used to make a thick oatmeal called bota. Millet and sorghum are also staple foods in some areas. Usually, the cereal is cooked in a thick porridge and served with vegetables or meat. Green vegetables are common and are often prepared with onions and tomatoes. Cornmeal is also used for Sadza, which resembles Bota, but more cornmeal is added to make it difficult again. Bread is also a staple in the urban diet. The meat of your own clan totem is usually rejected and not consumed. Beef, cow or goat are usually the food of stew or grilled food. Morning and afternoon tea is also widespread and rooted under English influence.
Art is an important part of culture. The metamorphosis from human to animal is a common topic. Ceramics including sculptures, masks, drums, basketry, jewelry, sculptures, theaters in urban areas. Body jewelry, such as tattoos or scarifications, are also common art forms.
Dance is also very important in Zimbabwean culture and can be a very spiritual and powerful tool for you, helping to convey traditions, their history and their values. The music is usually created with drums, mbira and marimba. The pace of the music is often determined by the mood of the dancers and by what they want to communicate. The movements of the artist often dictate the rhythm of the dance and can change it in the middle of the song.